As such, “neighborhood improvement” is the wave of the future as new residents change the landscape of their communities. The future of “urban,” then, is one that will be dominated by the middle and upper classes. Scudder wonders if this is why evangelicals are suddenly excited about cities. “Upper middle class white people migrate back to the city and, lo and behold, suddenly the church has a burden for the city,” laments Scudder. “Isn’t it a little embarrassing for the evangelical church in America that we’re not burdened for a neighborhood until it gentrifies?