Tomorrow during our evening service (6pm) at Howick Baptist Church, I will be walking the folks through the answer to the above question.
Here is a bibliography of helpful resources on the subject of New Testament Canon. I suggest starting with the items in bold.
Bruce, F. F. The Canon of Scripture. Downers Grove, Ill: Inter-Varsity Press, 1988.
Comfort, Philip Wesley, and David P. Barrett. The complete text of the earliest New Testament manuscripts. Grand Rapids, Mich: Baker Books, 1999.
Comfort, Philip Wesley. Early Manuscripts & Modern Translations of the New Testament. Wheaton, Ill: Tyndale House Publishers, 1990.
Comfort, Philip Wesley, and David P. Barrett. The Text of the Earliest New Testament Greek Manuscripts. Wheaton, Ill: Tyndale House, 2001.
Elwell, Walter A., and Robert W. Yarbrough. Readings from the First-Century World: Primary Sources for New Testament Study. Grand Rapids, Mich: Baker Books, 1998.
Evans, Craig A. Ancient Texts for New Testament Studies: A Guide to the Background Literature. Peabody, Mass: Hendrickson Publishers, 2005.
Hill, Charles E., and Michael J. Kruger. The Early Text of the New Testament. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 2012.
Kruger, Michael J. Canon Revisited: Establishing the Origins and Authority of the New Testament Books. Wheaton, Ill: Crossway, 2012.
Kruger, Michael J. The Question of Canon: Challenging the Status Quo in the New Testament Debate. Downers Grove, Ill: IVP Academic Press, 2013 (unpublished, to be released in November).
Michael Kruger’s Blog/website: http://michaeljkruger.com/
- The Complete Series: 10 Misconceptions About the NT Canon – http://michaeljkruger.com/the-complete-series-10-misconceptions-about-the-nt-canon/
- The Complete Series: Ten Basic Facts About the NT Canon that Every Christian Should Memorize – http://michaeljkruger.com/the-complete-series-ten-basic-facts-about-the-nt-canon-that-every-christian-should-memorize/
The Center for the Study of New Testament Manuscripts
- Catalogued Manuscripts: http://www.csntm.org/manuscript
- Photographed New Testament Books: http://www.csntm.org/printedbook