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Ruth & God’s Gospel Plan

02 Apr

We will be looking at Ruth chapter 4 tonight in Home Group.

This forms part of the notes looking at the “bigger picture” of where Ruth fits into the storyline of Scripture – Biblical Theology.

God’s Gospel Plan

4:9ff

  • I.                    God has always desired to lovingly rule over his people – He is Creator:

Genesis 3:8-9  8 ¶ And they heard the sound of the LORD God walking in the garden in the cool of the day, and the man and his wife hid themselves from the presence of the LORD God among the trees of the garden.  9 But the LORD God called to the man and said to him, “Where are you?”

Exodus 6:7  7 I will take you to be my people, and I will be your God, and you shall know that I am the LORD your God, who has brought you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians.

Jeremiah 24:7  7 I will give them a heart to know that I am the LORD, and they shall be my people and I will be their God, for they shall return to me with their whole heart.

Romans 9:25  25 As indeed he says in Hosea, “Those who were not my people I will call ‘my people,’ and her who was not beloved I will call ‘beloved.'”

II.                  God gave provision for Israel to have a king:

Deuteronomy 17:14-20  14 “When you come to the land that the LORD your God is giving you, and you possess it and dwell in it and then say, ‘I will set a king over me, like all the nations that are around me,’  15 you may indeed set a king over you whom the LORD your God will choose. One from among your brothers you shall set as king over you. You may not put a foreigner over you, who is not your brother.  16 Only he must not acquire many horses for himself or cause the people to return to Egypt in order to acquire many horses, since the LORD has said to you, ‘You shall never return that way again.’  17 And he shall not acquire many wives for himself, lest his heart turn away, nor shall he acquire for himself excessive silver and gold.  18 “And when he sits on the throne of his kingdom, he shall write for himself in a book a copy of this law, approved by the Levitical priests.  19 And it shall be with him, and he shall read in it all the days of his life, that he may learn to fear the LORD his God by keeping all the words of this law and these statutes, and doing them,  20 that his heart may not be lifted up above his brothers, and that he may not turn aside from the commandment, either to the right hand or to the left, so that he may continue long in his kingdom, he and his children, in Israel.

III.               Once in the Land the people were not living in subjection to God as their king and they had no ruler – Israel needed a king:

Judges 17:6 (18:1; 19:1; 21:25) In those days there was no king in Israel. Everyone did what was right in his own eyes.

IV.                The people rejected God and chose their own king:

1 Samuel 8:19-22  19 ¶ But the people refused to obey the voice of Samuel. And they said, “No! But there shall be a king over us,  20 that we also may be like all the nations, and that our king may judge us and go out before us and fight our battles.”  21 And when Samuel had heard all the words of the people, he repeated them in the ears of the LORD.  22 And the LORD said to Samuel, “Obey their voice and make them a king.” Samuel then said to the men of Israel, “Go every man to his city.”

1 Samuel 10:19  19 But today you have rejected your God, who saves you from all your calamities and your distresses, and you have said to him, ‘Set a king over us.’ Now therefore present yourselves before the LORD by your tribes and by your thousands.”

V.                  God had already provided a way for His chosen king – David:

Ruth 4:16-22  16 Then Naomi took the child and laid him on her lap and became his nurse.  17 And the women of the neighborhood gave him a name, saying, “A son has been born to Naomi.” They named him Obed. He was the father of Jesse, the father of David.  18 ¶ Now these are the generations of Perez: Perez fathered Hezron,  19 Hezron fathered Ram, Ram fathered Amminadab,  20 Amminadab fathered Nahshon, Nahshon fathered Salmon,  21 Salmon fathered Boaz, Boaz fathered Obed,  22 Obed fathered Jesse, and Jesse fathered David.

1 Samuel 13:13-14  13 And Samuel said to Saul, “You have done foolishly. You have not kept the command of the LORD your God, with which he commanded you. For then the LORD would have established your kingdom over Israel forever.  14 But now your kingdom shall not continue. The LORD has sought out a man after his own heart, and the LORD has commanded him to be prince over his people, because you have not kept what the LORD commanded you.”

VI.                God promised David an everlasting kingdom and throne:

2 Samuel 7:16  16 And your house and your kingdom shall be made sure forever before me. Your throne shall be established forever.'”

VII.             Even David could not build a perfect and permanent kingdom – God’s people need one “greater than David”:

2 Samuel 12:7  7 ¶ Nathan said to David, “You are the man! Thus says the LORD, the God of Israel, ‘I anointed you king over Israel, and I delivered you out of the hand of Saul.

2 Samuel 12:10  10 Now therefore the sword shall never depart from your house, because you have despised me and have taken the wife of Uriah the Hittite to be your wife.’

VIII.           God gave Israel Solomon:

1 Kings 1:47  47 Moreover, the king’s servants came to congratulate our lord King David, saying, ‘May your God make the name of Solomon more famous than yours, and make his throne greater than your throne.’ And the king bowed himself on the bed.

IX.                Solomon did not worship God as his King – God’s people need one “greater than Solomon”:

1 Kings 11:31-33  31 And he said to Jeroboam, “Take for yourself ten pieces, for thus says the LORD, the God of Israel, ‘Behold, I am about to tear the kingdom from the hand of Solomon and will give you ten tribes  32 (but he shall have one tribe, for the sake of my servant David and for the sake of Jerusalem, the city that I have chosen out of all the tribes of Israel),  33 because they have forsaken me and worshiped Ashtoreth the goddess of the Sidonians, Chemosh the god of Moab, and Milcom the god of the Ammonites, and they have not walked in my ways, doing what is right in my sight and keeping my statutes and my rules, as David his father did.

X.                   God had already promised and provided for one “greater than Solomon”:

Genesis 3:15   15 I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your offspring and her offspring; he shall bruise your head, and you shall bruise his heel.”

Ruth 4:16-22  16 Then Naomi took the child and laid him on her lap and became his nurse.  17 And the women of the neighborhood gave him a name, saying, “A son has been born to Naomi.” They named him Obed. He was the father of Jesse, the father of David.  18 ¶ Now these are the generations of Perez: Perez fathered Hezron,  19 Hezron fathered Ram, Ram fathered Amminadab,  20 Amminadab fathered Nahshon, Nahshon fathered Salmon,  21 Salmon fathered Boaz, Boaz fathered Obed,  22 Obed fathered Jesse, and Jesse fathered David.

Psalm 2:1-12 Why do the nations rage and the peoples plot in vain?  2 The kings of the earth set themselves, and the rulers take counsel together, against the LORD and against his Anointed, saying,  3 “Let us burst their bonds apart and cast away their cords from us.”  4 He who sits in the heavens laughs; the Lord holds them in derision.  5 Then he will speak to them in his wrath, and terrify them in his fury, saying,  6 “As for me, I have set my King on Zion, my holy hill.”  7 I will tell of the decree: The LORD said to me, “You are my Son; today I have begotten you.  8 Ask of me, and I will make the nations your heritage, and the ends of the earth your possession.  9 You shall break them with a rod of iron and dash them in pieces like a potter’s vessel.”  10 Now therefore, O kings, be wise; be warned, O rulers of the earth.  11 Serve the LORD with fear, and rejoice with trembling.  12 Kiss the Son, lest he be angry, and you perish in the way, for his wrath is quickly kindled. Blessed are all who take refuge in him.

Micah 5:2   2 But you, O Bethlehem Ephrathah, who are too little to be among the clans of Judah, from you shall come forth for me one who is to be ruler in Israel, whose coming forth is from of old, from ancient days.

Matthew 1:5  5 and Salmon the father of Boaz by Rahab, and Boaz the father of Obed by Ruth, and Obed the father of Jesse,

Matthew 12:42  42 The queen of the South will rise up at the judgment with this generation and condemn it, for she came from the ends of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon, and behold, something greater than Solomon is here.

XI.                This Great King is for people from all nations!

Genesis 12:3   3 I will bless those who bless you, and him who dishonors you I will curse, and in you all the families of the earth shall be blessed.”

Isaiah 49:6  6 he says: “It is too light a thing that you should be my servant to raise up the tribes of Jacob and to bring back the preserved of Israel; I will make you as a light for the nations, that my salvation may reach to the end of the earth.”

Isaiah 9:6-7   6 For to us a child is born, to us a son is given; and the government shall be upon his shoulder, and his name shall be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.  7 Of the increase of his government and of peace there will be no end, on the throne of David and over his kingdom, to establish it and to uphold it with justice and with righteousness from this time forth and forevermore. The zeal of the LORD of hosts will do this.

Revelation 17:14  14 They will make war on the Lamb, and the Lamb will conquer them, for he is Lord of lords and King of kings, and those with him are called and chosen and faithful.”

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